Concussion and Post Concussion Syndrome

Concussion and Post Concussion Syndrome

A concussion is a traumatic brain injury that can cause long lasting effects on brain tissue and chemical changes in the brain.  A concussion may cause physical, cognitive and behavioral problems in an individual, both short term and long term.


Symptoms of a concussion can include:


Physical symptoms


  • Headache,
  • Dizziness,
  • Difficulty with balance and coordination,
  • nausea/vomiting,
  • Fatigue,
  • Difficulty sleeping,
  • Double or blurred vision,
  • Sensitivity to light and sound,
  • Slurred speech,
  • Glassy-eyes stare
  • Seizures,


Cognitive symptoms


  • Memory difficulties
  • Confusion
  • Slowed “processing” (decreased ability to think through problems)
  • Fogginess
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Worsening grades in school


Emotional Symptoms


  • Irritability
  • Restlessness
  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Mood swings
  • Aggression
  • Decreased tolerance of stress
  • Change in personality or behavior


Postconcussion syndrome (PCS) is the term applied to symptoms such as headaches, dizziness, or memory/learning problems that persist for weeks or months after the initial injury.  A physical therapist can help treat both the physical and cognitive symptoms associated with an acute concussion and PCS.