Most Common Sports Injuries 1

1. Muscle Pull

A muscle pull is capable of happening to almost any muscle in the body. Regardless how you stretch and warm up or stretch and cool down, it is possible to pull a muscle from fatigue, strain, overuse or falling. In order to prevent pulling a muscle, it is important to stretch prior to any rigorous activity and to keep your muscles limber by working them on a regular routine. It is common for people to go too fast and hard while exercising or participating in art activities. In order to prevent injury, start out slow and work your way up to more strenuous activity.

A muscle pulls when a severe and sudden force is applied to the muscle, causing the fibers to be stretched beyond their capacity. If only part of the fibers tear, it is considered to be a muscle pull. If however, the majority of the fibers tear, it is considered to be a muscle tear.

Muscle Cramps

Commonly the term “charley horse” is a used to describe a muscle cramp. This occurs due to an involuntary muscle contraction. As well, muscle cramps are known as muscle spasms.

What are the signs and symptoms of the condition?

Pain in the muscle or spasm is the main symptom of a muscle cramp. The muscle itself is typically sore and tender to the touch. In the majority of cases, a person needs to stop using the affected muscle due to the pain.

2. Neck Strain and Pain

A muscle spasm or a pulled muscle in the neck can occur when a tennis player looks up to hit an overhead smash or to serve. The pain is on one side of the neck as the head may be pulled over slightly to that side. It may be extremely painful to turn the head in the direction of the pain.

Mountain bike riders and cyclists may also experience neck stiffness. After going on long rides, the neck muscles may stiffen or tighten up or the neck may suffer from spasms due to this awkward position.

3. Frozen Shoulder Injury

The bones in the shoulder are held together by a group of muscles known as the rotator cuff muscles. These shoulder muscles called the teres minor, infraspinatus, supraspinatus and the subscapularis are responsible for the fine movements in the shoulder. Due to the lack of ligament strength and the shallow socket, any weakness of the small rotator cuff muscles makes it simple for the head of the shoulder to slide around in the joint.

As the shoulder muscles and the joint become over stressed with the arm in an overhead position, as happens during volleyball, weight trainings, softball, swimming and tennis, the small rotator cuff muscles start to stretch out and joint pain may occur. The term Frozen Shoulder refers to Arthritis and Frozen Shoulder type symptoms.

Frozen Shoulder causes the tendons to become painful and inflamed. Tennis players often experience this sensation when the serve or hit an overhead smash. The same pain ad shoulder issues can occur with golfers during the follow-through and the backswing, when their shoulders are above parallel to the ground.

It is common for many people participating in sports to experience a strained lower back injury at some point. This commonly occurs from twisting awkwardly to the left or the right, doing some unpracticed sports activity or lifting excessive or heavy weight. Lower back strain injuries are mainly due to tense or weak muscles. Overloading tense or weak muscles may tear or pull fibers and tendons. This can send the back muscles into spasm and cause backache issues.

It is common for people to injure their lower back if they have weak stomach core muscles and weak back muscles from being tense out of shape. It is important to engage in proper core muscle strength training exercises. An inexpensive and excellent tool for strengthening the stomach and back core muscles is an exercise ball. It also stretches the same muscles at that time. The exercise ball can be used practically anywhere. Poor core muscle strength combined with overuse exercise can lead to potentially chronic and severe lower back problems developing.

5. Tennis Elbow- Tendonitis, Injury

Tennis Elbow is truly an inflammation of the tendons and muscles in the forearm. These muscles bend the wrist backward and also enable the wrist to turn the palm face up. When tendons and muscles are over utilized; from playing sports for example such as tennis, they become inflamed. Tendonitis pain is felt in this instance.

Golfers are another example of people who may suffer from tennis elbow injury and symptoms. A right-handed golfer will notice the pain in the left elbow. Pulling the club through the swing with the left wrist will cause pain and discomfort in the left elbow. Tendonitis and Tennis Elbow are most commonly seen among baseball pitchers, weight lifters, golfers and tennis player who hit topspin forehands.



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